Psycholinguistics (sometimes called the Psychology of Language) is the study of the cognitive, social, and neurobiological factors that enable us to use language. It includes four major areas: comprehension, speech production, representation, and acquisition. Comprehension covers the processing and understanding of language sounds, words, sentences and stories. Speech production includes the study of how utterances are formulated and what speech errors can tell us about the process. Representation refers to the conceptual/integrative relationship between lexical items, or the mental activation of related words in a network (“semantic priming”). Acquisition refers to both first and second language acquisition and the study of bilingualism.

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