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Site Name: Hunter Site

WSUMA Accession Nos.: 868

Site No.: 20SC30

Excavated By: Donald Hagge and Other Michigan Archaeological Society Members, Clinton Twp. Chapter

Excavation Year(s): 1963, 1964

Site Description:

The Hunter Site is located 5.4 miles from Capac Michigan on Capac Road, 0.7 miles east on Turner Road, on the south side of a country gravel road. The site was located on a slightly elevated area with a soil mixture of fine sand and clay, and was uncovered by a road crew digging for sand. The topsoil had been removed and the are had been bulldozed to a depth of 4 to 6 feet. A salvage operation was begun in April 1963 and participants included the Clinton Township Chapter of the Michigan Archaeological Society as well as students from the University of Michigan .

Approximately 24 burials were found between 24 to 72 inches beneath the overlying 12 inches of topsoil which had already been removed. The individuals ranged in age from 8 to 50 years in age. The surrounding fill contained flint, firecracked rock and a few potsherds. All but three of the burial excavations were carried out by the University of Michigan . An adult male in a flexed position, a young girl in a bundle burial, and a cranium cradled in an ilium were all uncovered by the Clinton Township Chapter of the Michigan Archaeological Society. The human remains found during this excavation are not housed at Wayne State University Museum of Anthropology, and believed to be at the University of Michigan .

The MAS Chapter focused their attention on the excavation of a fire pit located along the west end of the tree line on the north side of the site. The fire pit measured 30 inches in diameter and 24 inches deep. An abundance of prehistoric material was uncovered in the fire pit and the surrounding vacinity.

MAS also performed several surface collections particularly along the tree line, as well as along the south side of the road. The bank between posts 3 and 4 were seived by the chapter. They also excavated two trenchs one measuring 52” x 20” x 24” and the other 24” x 52” x 24” on the north side of the road.

Dr. Arnold Pilling, of Wayne State University, Dr. James Fitting of the University of Michigan believed that the material found was of Late Middle Woodland origins with a possible Archaeic and Paleo component below.

Artifacts:

  • Ceramics: Plain rim and body sherds, coarse grit tempered, cord marked sherds, crosshatched design sherds, small incised square design sherds, Fort Wayne Crosshatch (coil constructed)
  • Lithics: chert, flint, slate, quartz, targillite flakes; projectile points; hammerstones; knives; scraper; drilled sandstone; fire cracked rock; smoothers; gravers

Cat. Nos.:

Hunter Site #1:

1W208003-1W208200, 1W208761-1W209200, 1W209503-1W209703, 1W209770-1W209854, 1W209863-1W209970, 1W212200-1W212294, 1W212393-1W212397, 1W207802-1W208002

Hunter Site #2:

1W207175-1W207200, 1W207458-1W207801

Hunter Site #3:

1W207116-1W207155

Hunter Site #4:

1W207156-1W207174

Hunter Site Bank Adjacent to South Ditch:

1W209855-1W209862, 1W208326-1W208333, 1W208334, 1W208335-1W208347, 1W208348-1W208362, 1W208708

References:

  • Chamberlain, Allen and Major, Michael (1967) “ Hunter Site”. Unpublished manuscript on file at WSU Museum of Anthropology. [#11W173(B)]
  • Hagge, Donald (1964) “Hunter Site, Capac , Michigan : Site Survey”. Unpublished manuscript on file at WSU Museum of Anthropology. [#11W173(A)]

Misc.:

The Hunter Site material comprises part of the Hagge Collection at Wayne State Museum of Anthropology. It was donated to the museum in 1970 by Dr. Hagge's widow, Mrs. Rosemary Hagge.

 
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