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Site Name: Summer Island

WSUMA Accession Nos.: 5226, 5227, 5228, 5229, 5230

Site No.: 20DE4

Excavated By: Burton Barnard

Excavation Year(s): 1968-70

Site Description:

Summer Island is located in the oulet of Green Bay into Lake Michigan , just south of Point Detour in Delta County, Michigan. The island has Middle and Late Woodland occupations as well as a historic component. Excavation of the historic period occupation took place at Site F, located just north of the prehistoric component of Summer Island , about 200 yards inland from Summer Harbor . Based on historical documents the site is believed to have been a small fishing village which was a branch of the St. Martin 's Inland fishing fleet in the 1800's and occupied as such until at least 1898. The village was also occupied in the late 1800's and early 1900's by loggers from Fayette. There are four known structures at Site F consisting of two houses, a boarding house, and a root cellar.

Artifacts:

Cat. Nos.: uncatalogued

Published References:

  • Berger, Eugene (1969) “Analysis of Buttons: 20DE4” . Summer Science Journal 2:2. pp.88. [WSUMA #11W675]
  • Berger, Eugene (1969) “Analysis of Pipes: 20DE4” . Summer Science Journal 2:2. pp. 89. [WSUMA #11W675]
  • Brose, David S. (1970) “The Archaeology of Summer Island : Changing Settlement Systems in Northern Lake Michigan .” Anthropological Papers Museum of Anthropology , University of Michigan No. 41.
  • Brose, David S. (1970) “The Summer Island Site: A Study of Prehistoric Cultural Ecology and Social Organization in the Northern Lake Michigan Area.” Case Western Reserve University : Cleveland , OH .
  • Brose, David (1970) “ Summer Island III: An Early Historic Site in the Upper Great Lakes .” Historical Archaeology Vol. 4. pp. 3-33.
  • Brose, David (1967) Survey notes. Unpublished manuscript on file at WSU Museum of Anthropology [#11W2746]
  • Brower, Bill (1969) “Analysis of Whole and Broken Nails, Screws, and Bolts: 20DE4. ” Summer Science Journal 2:2. pp. 87. [WSUMA #11W675]
  • Carruthers, P.J. and Susan Nulf (1969) “ Burial Analysis .” Summer Science Journal 2:2. pp. 100-105. [WSUMA #11W675]
  • Kummer, David and Allen Reed (1969) “A Settlement Pattern Survey of Summer Island .” Summer Science Journal 2:2. pp. 77-80. [WSUMA #11W675]
  • Larsen, David and Jeff Bruce (1969) “Discussion of Structure “C”.” Summer Science Journal 2:2. pp. 92-94. [WSUMA #11W675]
  • Mosenfelder, Margaret (1969) “Analysis of Ceramic and Glass Material: 20DE4.” Summer Science Journal 2:2. pp. 85-86. [WSUMA #11W675]
  • Mudar, Karen (1969) “ Analysis of Metal Artifacts: 20DE4.” Summer Science Journal 2:2. pp. 83-84. [WSUMA #11W675]
  • Reid, Ron (1969) “Aboriginal Material.” Summer Science Journal 2:2. pp. 96-97. [WSUMA #11W675]
  • Reid, Ron (1969) “Human Remains.” Summer Science Journal 2:2. pp. 98-99. [WSUMA 11W675]
  • Rhodes, Harker (1969) “Structure B Site: 20DE4.” Summer Science Journal 2:2. pp. 90-91. [WSUMA 11W675]
  • Rhodes , Harker (1969) “Dendrochronology on Big Summer Island .” Summer Science Journal 2:2. pp. 95. [WSUMA 11W675]
  • 1968 Summer Island Excavation Square Sheets. Unpublished manuscript on file at WSU Museum of Anthropology [#11W2747]
  • 1968 Summer Island Excavation Field Notes and Catalogue Sheets. Unpublished manuscript on file at WSU Museum of Anthropology. [#11W2748]
  • 1969 Summer Island Excavation Student Artifact Analyses and Field Notes. Unpublished manuscript on file at WSU Museum of Anthropology. [#11W2749]
  • 1969 Summer Island Excavation Square Sheets. Unpublished manuscript on file at WSU Museum of Anthropology. [#11W2750a&b]
  • 1969 Summer Island Excavation Field Catalogue Sheets. Unpublished manuscript on file at WSU Museum of Anthropology. [#11W2751a&b]
  • 1970 Summer Island Excavation Square Sheets. Unpublished manuscript on file at WSU Museum of Anthropology. [#11W2752]
  • 1970 Summer Island Excavation Field Notes and Catalogue Sheets. Unpublished manuscript on file at WSU Museum of Anthropology. [#11W2753]
  • 1970 Summer Island Excavation Student Manuscripts and Correspondence. Unpublished manuscript on file at WSU Museum of Anthropology. [#11W2754]
  • 1968-70 Summer Island Excavation Maps. Unpublished manuscript on file at WSU Museum of Anthropology. [#11W2755]

Maps:

Excavations from 1968-1970 hand drawn map  

 
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